Fifty years ago, pre injury arbitration agreements were unenforceable in most states. Basically, this was because courts believed that the right to have claims resolved in court was a fundamental constitutional right that could not be waived before a claim arose. But in the 1970's, that view began to change. The federal government and the states enacted laws making arbitration agreement provisions enforceable. The enforceability of arbitration clauses has since then been upheld in all manner of contracts, most controversially in the securities industry and the consumer goods market.